• Loading/discharging of sea and river vessels.
  • All types of general and bulk loaded freights.
  • Processing of rail and motor transport.

Placement, accumulation, storage

and tally accounting of goods

Cargo storage at the port

From the moment when the company accepts for transportation an industrial or agricultural product until the moment it is delivered to the customer, it will be considered as cargo.
The technical means on which the products will be transported must be in good condition and undergo regular technical control to prevent losses and maintain the quality of the cargo.

How great is the risk that the cargo may deteriorate depends on the correct selection of packages, markings, and most importantly on compliance with storage requirements and transportation times.
For long-term storage of goods in the port, its placement on special cargo platforms is monitored. When arranging the packages, make sure that the goods do not come into contact and that any product is accessible.
When placing cargo in a warehouse or in an open area, you need to consider:

  • safety requirements, fire safety rules, conditions for the transport of dangerous goods on ships;
  • requirements to prevent pollution of the sea;
  • weight and volume of cargo;
  • requirements for laying cargo on pallets;
  • requirements for shelter;
  • features of cargo packaging;
  • stacking requirements so that the representative of the transport company or the port operator can freely count the packages;
  • marking on the load must be legible;
  • separation of certain goods.
Each individual shipment must be equipped with a tag on which cargo information is indicated.Namely: the departure number, the state where the cargo goes, the number of seats, weight, name of the employee who accepted the cargo, shift number and date of arrival of the goods at the seaport.

Piece cargo storage

Bags are usually folded indoors. Stacks of such cargo have different heights, which depends on the characteristics of the cargo, which are indicated in the accompanying documents.
Regardless of the place of storage of cargo in the port, goods in bags are stacked on a merchandiser. So the load is protected from excessive moisture or getting wet and does not touch the floor. Shields or floorings can serve as a bargain, they are laid using the transverse method with bars, the thickness of which is 15-30 centimeters.At the warehouse, the bags are stacked on top of each other or in stacks.



The cargo in the boxes, which does not require special storage conditions, can be stored in even rows, shifting the width of the slats, shifting the width of one bar, a cross, etc.
The laying method is chosen depending on the shape of the box, the size of the place and the characteristics of the cargo. The height of the stack depends on the strength of the containers, the height of the warehouse, the characteristics of the goods, the method of stacking. Sometimes boxes are stacked.Boxes of cardboard are folded in a brick (chess) way. Boxes in which glass is stacked on an edge.


Terms of transshipment and storage of piece goods

Piece cargo is reloaded depending on the characteristics of the requirements for its transportation. The requirements for storage, reloading, packaging, etc. are taken into account. Piece cargo is usually transported in sea containers. So, it is much easier for the port operator to calculate the amount of cargo.

Warehousing and storage of bulk and bulk cargo

Bulk cargoes are goods that are transported without containers.
These include:

  • cement;
  • mineral, nitrogen fertilizers;
  • building materials etc.
They store such cargo in stacks on a surface with a slope. Stacks of the same cargo but with a different brand are demarcated by a concrete shield.
Перегрузка и хранение опасных грузов
Dangerous goods are stored in the port, observing special precautions.
Dangerous goods are goods that have dangerous properties, such as explosiveness, flammability, toxicity, corrosion. The conditions which must be adhered to while reloading and storing dangerous goods are general and special.
General apply to any dangerous goods. These include the procedure for admission, renewal of accompanying documents, requirements for sanitary and fire safety.
Hazardous conditions apply only to certain types of cargo. The place of unloading and storage of dangerous goods is established by the port administration. Warehouses for such goods are covered with fireproof material. Dangerous cargo spaces are separated by internal partitions. The distance of the load from the wall is from 70 cm, between the stacks of cargo - 200 cm.

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